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2017-2018年高二12月联考英语考题带答案和解析(河南省豫北重点中学)

On Sunday, May 25th, 2014, India's Malavath Poorna, became the youngest female to climb to the summit of the world's highest peak- Mount Everest. The 13-year-old girl surpassed (超越) the previous record holder, Nepal’s Nima Chemji Sherpa, who accomplished the name achievement in 2012, at the age of 16.
Unlike many young climbers who come from wealthy families, Malvath comes from a poor family living in a small village named Pakala in southern India.
Most Pakala girls have never seen the inside of a school all their lives. Malavath is one of the fortunate ones that managed to realize their dreams thanks to Swaeroes, a welfare organization whose mission is to help India’s poor children reach their full potential. They helped enroll(使入学)the young girl in a nearby boarding school. Then about nine months ago, Swaeroes provided her with the opportunity to achieve this dream by offering mountaineering training. Not one to pass up(错过)an exciting adventure, the athletic girl signed up.
At the end of the two-week period, only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous ’climb?Malavath was one of them!
Then came the big day. On April 15th, 2014, Malavath and 16-year-old Anand Kumar along with their guide Shekhar Babu and a team of Sherpas(夏尔巴人)began the dangerous 8, 848-meter trek(艰苦跋涉). While most climbers attempt the peak from the slightly easier Nepalese side, this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side. That’s because the government of Nepal does not allow anyone younger than 16 to climb up the route.
It was not easy. In fact, Malavath was sent back to the base camp after she experienced altitude sickness when she got to the advanced base camp set up at an altitude of 6,400 meters. However, the youngster returned three days later, and insisted on continuing. It took 52 days, but on May 25th, 2014, Malavath, who made it to the summit a few minutes ahead of 16-year-old Anand, proudly raised her country’s flag at the top of the world. The young girl hopes that her achievements will inspire poor girls all over the world to try to achieve their dreams.
【小题1】Why did Malavath Poorna’s team choose to climb Mount Everest from the Tibetan side?
A. They could spend less time in reaching the top.
B. They wanted to make their climb more challenging.
C. This side was considered much safer for Malavath Poorna.
D. Malavath Poorna was not old enough to be allowed to climb up the route.
【小题2】Who helped Malavath Poorna receive education in a boarding school?
A. A welfare organization. B. Shekhar Babu.
C. Some Sherpas. D. A wealthy family.
【小题3】What happened to Malavath Poorna during her climb to the summit of Mount Everest?
A. She feared and wanted to give up.
B. She suffered altitude sickness.
C. She fell down a few times and was slightly injured.
D. She made it to the summit a few days ahead of 16-year-old Anand.
【小题4】Which of the following words can best describe Malavath Poorna?
A. Sensitive. B. Considerate.
C. Determined. D. Intelligent.

【答案】①②③? C.选项Determined ?关键词 dangerous ,the harder和experienced altitude sickness与Determined之间的关系。
根据事实细节,推断合理信息。推理题要求在理解原文表面文字信息的基础上,作出一定判断和推论,从而得到文章的隐含意义和深层意义。推理题所涉及的内容可能是文中某一句话,也可是某几句话,但做题的指导思想都是以文字信息为依据,既不能做出在原文中找不到文字根据的推理,也不能根据表面文字信息做多步推理。也就是说,要做到判断有据, 推论有理, 忠实原文。切忌用自己的观点代替作者的本意,切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。
【解析】印度的13岁女孩,Malavath Poorna,出生于贫穷的农民家庭,2014年5月25日她成为最年轻的攀登世界最高峰珠峰顶峰的女性。她希望她的成就能激励世界各地的贫穷女孩去实现他们的梦想。
【小题1】D
推理判断题。根据第五段可知“While most climbers attempt the peak from the slightly easier Nepalese side, this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side. That’s because the government of Nepal does not allow anyone younger than 16 to climb up the route.” 虽然大多数登山者试图从稍微容易些的尼泊尔一侧登顶,但这支队伍必须经过更艰难的西藏一侧。这是因为尼泊尔政府不允许任何年龄在16岁以下的人爬上这条路。分析本句可知要想从尼泊尔这一侧登山,必须满16岁,从第一段中可知Malavath只有13岁,因为她不足16岁而禁止的。因此她经西藏这边。分析选项可知D符合题意。
【小题2】A
细节理解题。根据第三段中的第二句“Malavath is one of the fortunate ones that managed to realize their dreams thanks to Swaeroes, a welfare organization whose mission is to help India’s poor children reach their full potential.”分析句意,Malavath是个幸运的人,感谢swaeroes设法让她实现自己的梦想。Swaeroes,一个公益组织,其使命是帮助印度的贫困儿童充分发挥他们的潜能。可知是一个公益组织帮助她接受教育的,分析选项可知A符合题意。
【小题3】B
?细节理解题。根据最后一段的“In fact,Malavat was sent back to the base camp after she experienced altitude sickness when she got to the advanced base camp set up at an altitude of 6,400 meters” 分析句子可知她登山时,她经历了高原反应,Malavat曾被送回营地。分析句子可知B符合题意,故选B。
【小题4】C
【解题剖析】此题属于推理判断题中的(4)根据事实细节,推断合理信息。答案需要从文章的dangerous ,the harder和experienced altitude sickness与Determined之间的关系。
【答案定位】①“only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous climb?Malavath was one of them!”? Malavath被选定为危险的攀登的两个年轻人中的其中之一。第五段②“Malavath…began the dangerous 8,848-meter trek? ….this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side.”malavath 开始了危险的8848米的跋涉(艰苦跋涉)。必须经过更艰难的西藏一侧。最后一段中的③“she experienced altitude sickness…Malavath, who made it to the summit”经历过高原反应,却最终攀登上珠峰。分析这几点可知攀登非常危险又极其困难,因此没有决心和毅力是不可能完成的,进行推断出她是个有毅力的人。
【推理关系】题干Which of the following words can best describe Malavath Poorna?.?文章内容①“only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous climb?Malavath was one of them!”? Malavath;②“Malavath…began the dangerous 8,848-meter trek? ….this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side.”;③“she experienced altitude sickness…Malavath, who made it to the summit”。

TransNatura International Nature Photo Competition
The application is open, and all photographers are invited from all over the world, except the jury (评委会) and the organizers. The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife. On the photos only wild animals can be included.
● Two categories:
A Category: Open?any type of nature photography, representing animals, plants, landscape, and so on
B Category: The art of flying?nature pictures that represent the movement of flying animals and the beauty of flying
● The assessment by the jury: 16th September?10th October
● Announcement of results: 30th of October
● Exhibition Opening: 23th of November
● The works received will be evaluated and decided upon by an international jury made up of the five persons from Hungary and Romania.
● A total number of competition prizes will be awarded:
Grand Prize?1,000 Euro;
1st Prize?600 Euro;
2nd Prize?400 Euro;
3rd Prize?200 Euro.
● Entry requirements:
? A participant may enter the competition with at most four pictures per category.
? The pictures for the competition have to be submitted before 15th of September in the form of digital images, in jpg format.
? The participant must have full copyright over the submitted photos.
? The entry fee is 10 Euro for a category, 15 Euro for two categories.
? Additional information can be obtained by e-mail at: transnatura@vadon.ro.
【小题1】What should be the theme of the competition?
A. Fashion. B. Society.
C. Nature. D. Technology.
【小题2】Which of the following can be allowed to enter the competition?
A. A picture with a pet dog in it. B. A picture with a wild tiger in it.
C. A picture taken by an organizer. D. A picture with a flying hen in it.
【小题3】What can be known about an award-winning picture?
A. It will win at least 200 Euro. B. It should be linked to a flying animal.
C. It will be printed in a famous magazine. D. Its display will end in October.

【答案】
【小题1】C
【小题2】B
【小题3】A
【解析】 本文主要介绍了transnatura国际自然摄影比赛的参赛资格,要求及获奖者所得的奖品。
【小题1】C?
推理判断题。根据题目“TransNatura International Nature Photo Competition” 国际自然摄影比赛。及第一段中的“The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife.” 最基本的要求是录音必须由自然环境进行,而不干扰野生动物。分析这两处可知比赛的主题应该是自然界(nature)。分析选项可知C符合题意。
【小题2】B
?推理判断题。根据第一段“The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife. On the photos only wild animals can be included”可知参赛作品必须是在自然环境中,必须是野生动物。A中是宠物狗和D中的母鸡,都不是野生动物。故A和D排除。第一段第一句“ all photographers are invited from all over the world, except the jury (评委会) and the organizers.”所有的照片都是来自世界各地的摄影师,但评委会和组织者除外。C项中的组织者不可以参赛的。故C也排除。B项(. A picture with a wild tiger in it.)照片中有野生的老虎符合这一项,故选B。
【小题3】A
?推理判断题。根据“A total number of competition prizes will be awarded:”所列的奖品中可知获奖者的奖品:比赛颁发奖品有:特等奖-1000欧元;一等奖-600欧元;二等奖400欧元;三等奖-200欧元,由此可知至少可获得200欧元的奖金,分析选项可知A符合题意。

Venom(毒液)from a local scorpion(蝎子)in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine “Vidatox 30 CH which can be used to treat liver, brain, lung and other cancers. The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans after being first tested in biological models. Labiofam, a Cuban laboratory, has breeding(繁殖)centers for both the Red Scorpion and Blue Scorpion. Each month, some 30,000 scorpions in Las Minas town, 270 km east of Havana are made to give the venom. After two years, the scorpions are released back into their natural habitat.
Denyer Sanchez, a biologist from Labiofam, explained that the conditions are adjusted for reproduction, proved by the high number of breeding female scorpions. He said when the offspring(后代)becomes able to live in the environment, we release them because they do not have the necessary size yet to remove their venom, said Sanchez. Sanchez also said that there is still much to research on the exploitation process of scorpions, such as female death rate or the ability to survive of the released scorpions.
Cuban research on the scorpion’s venom began at the end of 1980s in Guantanamo province, the island’s eastern tip, where a group of biologists and doctors became interested in the stories told by the peasants about the venom's benefits. However,the first discovery was made by Cuban biologist Misael Bordier. In 2001, Bordier visited Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and presented the research progress in a professional journal. Bordier died in 2005, one year before Cuba's Industrial Property Office gave Labiofam the rights to exploit the patent related to the venom.
【小题1】How are the scorpions dealt with after their venom has been taken for two years?
A. Their bodies are used to make medicines.
B. They are bred in the laboratory for research.
C. They are raised to give birth to the offspring.
D. They are set free into their natural habitat.
【小题2】What can we infer from the passage about the research on scorpions?
A. The UN provided fund for the research team.
B. There is still much to study in detail.
C. The achievements will benefit animals.
D. Many scientists doubt about the result of the research.
【小题3】What can we learn about Bordier in the last paragraph?
A. He was given the rights to exploit the patent.
B. He began his research at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
C. He put forward the research progress in a professional journal.
D. He was a peasant who told the stories about the venom’s benefits.
【小题4】What does this passage mainly talk about?
A. The various uses of scorpions in Cuba.
B. Cuban biologists’ research on strange diseases.
C. Suitable conditions for Cuban scorpions to breed.
D. Cuban scorpion venom’s effect on fighting cancer.

【答案】
【小题1】D
【小题2】B
【小题3】C
【小题4】D
【解析】
【小题1】D
细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句“Each month, some 30,000 scorpions in Las Minas town, …are made to give the venom. After two years, the scorpions are released back into their natural habitat.”每月在拉斯米纳斯镇有3万只蝎子被取出毒液。两年后,蝎子被释放回它们的自然栖息地。分析句意可知蝎子被取出毒液,两年后就会被放生加它们的自然栖息地。分析选项可知D项符合题意,故选D。
【小题2】B
细节理解题。根据第一段第一句“? Venom (毒液) from a local scorpion (蝎子) in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine…The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans”可知蝎子的毒液对人类有极大的益处,而不是对动物,而且是已经运用,故C和D是不对的。A项文章没有涉及。根据第二段最后一句“Sanchez also said that there is still much to research on the exploitation process of scorpions, such as female death rate or the ability to survive of the released scorpions.” 分析Sanchez的话可知,对蝎子的开发过程,如雌性的死亡率或被放生的蝎子的生存能力,还有许多研究工作要做。分析选项可知B项(还有很多要详细研究的)符合题意。
【小题3】C
细节理解题。根据第三段倒数第二句“In 2001, Bordier visited Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and presented the research progress in a professional journal.”可知在2001年波迪尔访问墨西哥国立自治大学,而且在专业刊物上介绍了他的研究成果。由此可知C符合题意,故选C项。
【小题4】D
主旨大意题。根据第一段第一句“? Venom (毒液) from a local scorpion (蝎子) in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine Vidatox 30 CH,” which can be used to treat liver, brain, lung and other cancers. The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans。”分析可知在古巴从当地的蝎子中提取的毒液被古巴科学家用于对抗癌症的有效武器。毒液,具有止痛、消炎(炎症)和抗癌特性,是医学中的“vidatox CH 30的活性成分,可用于治疗肝、脑、肺及其他癌症。经过四年的生物试验,这种治疗方法已经成功地应用于人类。由此可判断本文主要讨论的就是古巴蝎子的毒液对抗癌症的疗效。分析选项可知D项符合。

The UN refugee agency(难民署)is heaping pressure on Europe to help Italy defuse(平息)the “unfolding tragedy” of tens of thousands of migrants flooding its shores. Italy needs more international support to deal with a growing number of migrants who have braved a risky Mediterranean crossing to reach Europe this year, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said on Saturday.
“What is happening in front of our eyes in Italy is an unfolding tragedy,” Grandi said in a statement. “In the course of last weekend,12,600 migrants and refugees arrived on its shores, and an estimated 2,030 have lost their lives in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the year. ’’ Italy, he said, was “playing its part” in taking in those rescued and offering protection to those in need. “These efforts must be continued and strengthened. But this cannot be an Italian problem alone.”
Separately, a source in Paris said the interior ministers of France, Germany and Italy would meet in the French capital on Sunday to discuss an approach to help Rome.
Violence in Calais
Europe has been dealing with the worst migration crisis since the end of World War II with the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution(迫害).
In the northern French port city of Calais, police stepped in over the past two days to break up fighting among African migrants armed with sticks and rocks. Calais has for years been a magnet(磁铁)for migrants and refugees hoping to cross the Channel to Britain.
Last October, France broke up the disreputable tent camp known as “the Jungle” transferring thousands of migrants to centers around the country. But hundreds remain near the port, mostly Africans and Afghans, who fight sporadically with police as they make nightly attempts to stow away(偷乘)onto trucks heading across the Channel to Britain.
【小题1】Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the reason for people to go to Italy?
A. Receiving job training.
B. Seeking an escape from poverty.
C. Fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq.
D. Seeking an escape from political persecution.
【小题2】How does the passage describe the migrants’ voyage to Italy?
A. Quite safe. B. Full of fun.
C. Very dangerous. D. Rather easy.
【小题3】The underlined word “sporadically” in Para. 6 means “ ”.
A. happening fairly often, but not regularly
B. dealing with danger, pain, or difficult situations with courage
C. having the right qualities for a particular person, purpose, or situation
D. showing that you are careful to consider other peopled needs and feelings
【小题4】What can be the best title for the news report?
A. Causes of migration to Europe
B. In Calais, police step in to break up fighting
C. Tens of thousands of migrants flood French shores
D. UN urges Europe to help with migrants

【答案】the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution ?B 选项Receiving job training。.
【小题2】C
推理判断题。根据第一段第一句“help Italy defuse? the “unfolding tragedy” of tens of thousands of migrants flooding its shores”第二段中的“an estimated 2,030 have lost their lives in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the year”(自年初以来,估计有2030人在Mediterranean 失去了生命)。第五和六段中的“Violence in Calais”和“break up fighting among African migrants armed with sticks and rocks.”从中可知形容移民到意大利是一个悲剧(unfolding tragedy),有那么多的人在移民中死于地中海,并且在移民中不时有暴力发生。可知非常危险的,分析选项可知C项符合题意,故选C。
【小题3】A
推理判断题。第五段最后一句,叙述Calais多年来一直像一个磁铁吸引移民和难民横渡海峡到英国。根据第六段可知法国把成千上万的移民转移到全国各地的中心。但港口附近仍有数百人逗留,大多非洲人和阿富汗人,为了夜间试图偷乘上卡车穿越海峡到英国。而不时地与警察斗争。分析上下文,可知这种斗争只在夜间,人数不多但经常发生,却没有规律。分析选项可知A符合题意,故选A。
【小题4】D
主旨大意题。本文第一段:联合国难民署迫于欧洲方面的压力,帮助意大利平息数以万计的移民涌上海岸的 “移民悲剧”。意大利需要更多的国际支持来应对今年越来越多的人冒着危险从地中海穿越到欧洲的移民。星期六,联合国难民事务高级专员菲利普格兰迪说,。这是本文的中心段。由此可知D项符合题意。A项(移民欧洲的原因)题目太大了,B项(在Calais,警方介入,打破了战斗)和C项(成千上万的移民涌上法国海岸。)是细节,不能作为题目。故选D。
【解析】 本文主要讲述了在意大利发生的移民事件,分析了移民涌进意大利的原因以及由此引起的影响。
【小题1】B
文章细节的理解可以细化为:(1)一一对应型。答案与题目在表达形式和意义上直接吻合,一一对应,一目了然。 (2)语言转述型。这是一类间接事实细节题,答案与题目在意义上运用了词义之间的转述关系,即正确选项是原文有关词语和句子的另一种表达 (3)语意理解型。这是一类深层事实细节理解题,答案与题目之间存在着一定的逻辑联系,这种联系需要建立在事实的基础上通过上、下文来进行判断、分析、归纳和整合,才能得出正确答案。 (4)是非辨别型。这是一类综合事实细节题,出题形式常常是“三正一误”(三项正确,只有一项不符合原文内容)或“三误一正”(三项错误,只有一项符合原文内容)。(5)事实排序型。
【解题剖析】此题属于细节理解中之(4)是非辨别型。这是一类综合事实细节题,出题形式常常是“三正一误”(三项正确,只有一项不符合原文内容)或“三误一正”(三项错误,只有一项符合原文内容)。
【答案定位】 根据第五段中的“the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution” 大批逃离叙利亚和伊拉克战争的人们的到来,而其他来自非洲的人们正在寻求摆脱贫困或政治迫害。由此可判断有提到A、C 和D,全文没有提到B项(找工作) 。
【推理关系】题干Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the reason for people to go to Italy? ?文章内容the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution

If you want to make a difference by doing a volunteer job, you can take the following steps.
* Before becoming a volunteer, consider your hobbies and interests. You can find a job in your area or around the world where you can help. 【小题1】 They can be found in nursing homes or at food banks, and other charities.
*【小题2】 Then you can apply for the volunteer sector(领域)you have chosen. Rewrite the resume and focus on education and experience in your chosen field.
*【小题3】 If you are not free during the volunteer shifts(轮班), it’s more likely that you will be passed over.
*【小题4】 You can also go to their websites to fill out an online application and email a copy of your resume.
*Speak or contact directly with the manager in charge of hiring new volunteers. It’s important to tell them your enthusiasm for the volunteer work. At the same time, make it clear how you are qualified .【小题5】
*Fill out any other paperwork that is requested to complete the application process. It’s best to set an appointment to interview in the end.
A. Be friendly and outspoken.
B. Don’t forget to offer a hand to others in need.
C. Volunteer jobs are often available(可获得的)in many places.
D. Visit the volunteer location in person with a copy of your resume.
E. Make a detailed timetable that shows you can do the volunteer work at the time.
F. It’s because you are not sure the hiring manager has read your resume or seen the online application.
G. Review your work and volunteer resume (简历)to determine what strengths and experience you have.

【答案】
【小题1】C
【小题2】G
【小题3】E
【小题4】D
【小题5】F
【解析】 本文主要介绍如何成为一句志愿者,找到适合你做的志愿活动。
【小题1】C
?考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上文内容:你可以在你所在的地区或世界各地找到一份你可以帮助的工作。也就是说在许多地方可找到。分析选项可知C项( Volunteer jobs are often available in many places.)可知志愿者的工作往往在许多地方可找到。符合题意,故选C项。
【小题2】G.
考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。分析选项可知G项与本段有许多同词复现 。如Rewrite the resume a和 experience ,分析本段可知主要介绍知道到哪找志愿者工作后,要去申请你选的工作,然后修改自己的简历重点强调你在这个领域内的经验。分析G项(复查一下自己的工作和志愿者的简历, 确定你在这个领域有什么的优势和经验。)正是对这一段的总结,符合题意,故选G
【小题3】E
考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。本小题是对本段的总结性语言。分析段意:如果轮到你去做志愿活动,你没有空的话那你有可能被忽略。因此如果你想参加的话一定要管理你的时间。分析选项可知E项(.制定一份详细的时间表,说明你可以在那时做志愿者工作)与之相符,故选E。
【小题4】D
考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。本段句意:你也可以到他们的网站上填写一份在线申请并发一份你的简历。在文中有一个“also”说明还有别的选择。分析选项可知,D.项(亲自访问志愿者所在地,并有一份简历)正是另一种填简历的方式。故选D项。
【小题5】F
考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上文内容:与负责招聘新志愿者的经理直接交谈或联系。告诉他们你对志愿者工作的热情是很重要的。同时,要清楚你是如何合格的。分析选项F. 这是因为你不确定招聘经理是否看过你的简历或者看到在线申请。可知本段正是来说明前面的内容的,故F项符合题意,选F项。

Two student loggers (伐木者) each held an end of a saw (锯子). They set the ______ of the blade (刀片) on top of an 8-by 8-inch square piece of timber (木材) and began to ______ it back and forth.
They began slowly and ______ worked to a faster pace.______ the piece of wood fell to the ground, the students passed the saw to the second half of their relay team, who then began to saw.
When Nate Letarte, Julian Baldinelli, Allan Theriault and David Merrill from School of Applied Technology in Mexico, Maine, US finished the relay, people ______ applause.
It was like that with each event at the 38th Annual Loggers Meet early this month at a field across from the Mt Blue Campus.
About 50 students from nearby areas in forestry programs took part in the event. The programs ______ students to the many aspects of forestry-related ______, from cutting wood to using heavy equipment to managing a small business and ______ wood products.
At the annual competition, students had a chance to show their ______ at using axes, operating logging equipment such as a forwarder (传送装置) and knowing ______ trees, among other things. They can also share their ______ of chainsaws (链锯).
Kyle Holman, a senior, said the event lets students see what they are ______ in the forestry field.
“Some of us didn’t know how to run a forwarder and other kids did,” he said.
During the ______ event, students used a forwarder to pick up wood and move it.
The event ______ out the strengths in student loggers, and shows them the qualities and ______ they have, junior Matt Given said.
“We’re all one big community with the same ______,” senior Christopher Cook said. “This event just gives us a chance to show what we have ______ at school.”
Marshal Elwell, a senior, said he and his friends travelled over three hours ______ the event.
“I think I’m going to ______ in the woods for a while,” Elwell said, talking about his post-graduation plan. “I enjoy ______ equipment. I like being in the woods.”
【小题1】A. teeth B. brush C. handle D. belt
【小题2】A. pass B. repair C. move D. polish
【小题3】A. gradually B. anxiously C. beneficially D. calmly
【小题4】A. Unless B. Though C. Once D. Until
【小题5】A. resulted from B. called for C. turned off D. broke into
【小题6】A. limit B. describe C. consult D. introduce
【小题7】A. appointment B. employment C. insurance D. expense
【小题8】A. receiving B. marketing C. separating D. obtaining
【小题9】A. skills B. applications C. demands D. energies
【小题10】A. green B. tall C. different D. young
【小题11】A. invention B. knowledge C. discovery D. security
【小题12】A. strict with B. good at C. curious about D. free from
【小题13】A. loading B. trading C. sporting D. touring
【小题14】A. leaves B. pulls C. hands D. carries
【小题15】A. reports B. choices C. relations D. weaknesses
【小题16】A. interests B. analyses C. contradictions D. measures
【小题17】A. predicted B. remembered C. learned D. treasured
【小题18】A. within B. around C. for D. by
【小题19】A. ride B. play C. compromise D. work
【小题20】A. identifying B. promoting C. supplying D. running

【答案】
【小题1】A
【小题2】C
【小题3】A
【小题4】C
【小题5】D
【小题6】D
【小题7】B
【小题8】B
【小题9】A
【小题10】C
【小题11】B
【小题12】B
【小题13】A
【小题14】B
【小题15】D
【小题16】A
【小题17】C
【小题18】C
【小题19】D
【小题20】D
【解析】本文主要描述美国中学生实地体验伐木生活的经历。
【小题1】A
考查名词辨析。句意:两个学伐木的学生,各执锯子的一方,把锯齿放入在一个8x8的木材上开始锯木头了。 teeth牙齿; brush刷子;handle把手; belt腰带;,传送带。根据常识要锯木头自然要把锯齿对准木头,故选A。
【小题2】C
考查动词辨析。pass 经过, repair 修理; move移动; polish(使)光滑,擦亮。分析第1小题可知,两个学生各执锯子的一方开始移动(move)锯子伐木了。要想锯木头就要移动锯子,故选C
【小题3】A
考查副词。gradually逐步地,渐渐地; anxiously焦急地;beneficially获利地;. calmly镇定地。句意:他们开始很慢,接着加快了工作的步伐。根据后面的词“fast”可知是渐渐地加快了工作,故选A。
【小题4】C
?考查连词辨析。句意:一旦一截木头落地,学生就把锯子传给下一组,他们接着锯木头。分析句意可知,他们把锯木头当作一场“relay”(接力赛),因此选C项,Once表示时间的紧凑。而Unless除非; Though 尽管,然而; Until一直到…,意思放在句子不通,故稳定C。
【小题5】D
考查动词短语辨析。分析句意可知,当他们完成这项伐木工作后人们为他们鼓掌表示祝贺。分析句子可知,人们把学生轮流锯木头看作是接力赛,因此比赛后会赢得掌声。分析选项(resulted from 由于;called for呼吁;turned off 关闭)可知这三个选项与掌声(applause)不搭配,只有broke into突然爆发可与掌声连用,爆发掌声。故选D。
【小题6】D
考查动词辨析。Limit限制;. describe 描述;consult咨询; introduce介绍,引进。The programs 作为主语,不能用consult(咨询)。而limit sb to doing sth,故A与B不能用。而describe sth to sb,而不能是课程描绘学生,故只有D项,introduce sb to sth.。句意:这这些课程向学生介绍了与林业有关的就业的许多方面。可知D符合题意。
【小题7】B
考查名词。Appointment约会,约定; employment雇用,工作,职业;insurance保险,保险业;. expense费用。本空的下文:从切割木材到使用重型设备再到管理一个小企业和和木制品的销售。而这一切都是工作(employment)。因此选B。
【小题8】B
?考查动词辨析。Receive,收到; market销售;separate,分离;obtain拥有,获得。根据本段的流程可知成品的木制品自然是要销售(market),故选B。
【小题9】A
考查名词辨析。Skills技术,技能; applications应用;;demands 要求;energies能量,精力。分析句子可知在比赛中学生们要展示他们使用斧子的技术(skills),因此选A.
【小题10】C
考查形容词辨析。 green 绿色的; tall 高的; different 不同的; young年轻的。根据常识是学生学习伐木,应该是要了解不同的(different)树种。因此C项符合题意。
【小题11】B
考查名词辨析。 Invention发明;knowledge知识; discovery发明; security安全。句意:他们也可以分享他们关于电锯的知识。因为这是一次学生的实践活动,学生要分享这次活动中用到的知识,所以是分享知识(knowledge),因此选B。
【小题12】B
考查短语辨析。strict with 对…严格;good at 擅长…; curious about对…好奇; free from免于…。根据下文:学生有的不知道如何去经营运输业,而有的人却知道,由知可知有的人擅长而有的人不擅长,故选B项(good at 擅长…)。
【小题13】A
?考查动词 load装运;trade贸易,交易;sport运动;tour观光。句意:在装货过程中,学生们使用传送装置来捡木头并移动它。分析句意可知要用传送装置来运送木材的,故选A。
【小题14】B
考查动词短语辨析。pull out 驶出,拔出,抽出。句意:这项活动激发了学生伐木工人的力量。分析句意可知,这希活动把学生伐木工人身上的力量抽出来(puul out)了。而其余三项(leave out 忽略,遗漏,省去;? hand out,分发,拿出来;carry out 实行,进行)都不能与学生身上的力气搭配。故选B。
【小题15】D
考查名词辨析。 Report报导; choice选择;relation关系;weaknesse缺点。根据上一段最后一句“Some of us didn’t know how to run a forwarder and other kids did,”可知是显示学生身上优点和缺点(the qualities and weaknesses)。因此D符合题意。
【小题16】A
考查名词辨析。 Interests兴趣;analyses 分析;contradictions矛盾;measures程度,尺寸,度量法。句意:我们都属于有着相同兴趣的大社区。分析句子可知人有着相同的兴趣(interessts),故选A。
【小题17】C
考查动词辨析。Predict预测; remember记得;learn学习; treasure珍惜。句意:这个活动给了我们一个展示我们在学校学到的东西的机会。分析句意可知学生在学校是学习知识,因此选C项(learn学习)。
【小题18】C
考查介词短语。句意:Marshal Elwell和他的朋友们为了这个活动走了三个多小时。根据句意可知Marshal Elwell是来伐木场实习的学生,他们来这儿就是为了(for)学伐这件事的。故选C
【小题19】D
考查动词辨析。. ride骑,乘;play玩耍; compromise妥协; work工作。句意:我想我要在树林里工作一会儿。根据句子可知这几个人是在伐木场实习的,故选work,因此D符合题意。
【小题20】D
考查动词辨析。 identify识别,认出;promote提倡,倡导; supply供应; run奔跑,操作,运行。句意:我喜欢操作机器。 我喜欢呆在森林里。分析句子可知机器是人操作的,因此选D。

The pickle (泡菜) jar as far back as I can remember sat on the floor beside the dresser (梳妆台) in my parents’ bedroom. When he got ready for bed, Dad would empty his pockets and toss (投掷) his coins into the jar. It seemed that he was accustomed 【小题1】 doing such a thing When the jar was filled, I used to 【小题2】 (go) with him and he would take the coins to the bank. “These are for my son’s college fund. He’ll never work at the mill (磨坊) all his life like me. If he 【小题3】 (work) like me in the future, he might not have a bright future. Good education can make a difference to people.” He had the coins 【小题4】 (count) and then he deposited the money in the bank.
The years passed, and I finished college and took a job. Sometimes the job makes me tired 【小题5】 (mental) but it is my particular preference. If possible, I will do it permanently in my life. Once, while 【小题6】 (visit) my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar in my parents’ bedroom was gone. My father thought 【小题7】 very important for me to receive a good high education. He demanded that I 【小题8】 (try) my best to enter a good university.
The first Christmas after our daughter Jessica was born, we made an 【小题9】 (appoint) to visit my parents so we spent the holiday with them. Now our big family consists of five people. When Susan came back into the living room, she said softly, “Look”. To my amazement, there stood the old pickle jar, the bottom already 【小题10】 (cover) with coins. I walked over to the pickle jar, dug down into my pocket, and pulled out a fistful of coins.
With the strong emotion choking me, I dropped the coins into the jar. I looked up and saw Dad who was carrying Jessica. Our eyes locked, and I knew he was feeling the same emotions as I felt.

【答案】
【小题1】to
【小题2】go
【小题3】should work/were to work/ worked
【小题4】counted
【小题5】mentally
【小题6】visiting
【小题7】it
【小题8】(should) try
【小题9】appointment
【小题10】covered
【解析】 本文属于故事类。主要讲述了小时候父亲为了能给我攒足钱上大学,把节省下来的钱放入一个泡菜坛子里,每当坛子满了父亲就和我一起取出存在银行时。等我毕业有了工作后坛子不见了,但当我的女儿出生后的第一个圣诞节我去看望父母又看见了一个坛子,底部已被硬币覆盖着。父母的爱再一次传递给下一代。
【小题1】 to
?考查固定搭配。be accustomed to doing,为固定搭配,“习惯于做某事”,因此要用to。
【小题2】go
?考查固定用法。句意:当罐子装满的时候,我过去常和他(爸爸)一起把硬币拿到银行去。used to do sth.,为固定搭配,“过去常常做某事”。因此填go。
【小题3】should work/were to work/ worked
?考查与将来事实相反的虚拟语气。句意:如果他(儿子)将来像我一样工作,他可能没有光明的前途。与过来事实相反的虚拟语气,If从句要用should do/were to do/一般过去时。故此空可填 should work/were to work/ worked。
【小题4】counted
?考查固定用法。句意:他把硬币数了一下,然后把钱存入银行。have sth.done,为固定用法。have sth done即sth是done的逻辑主语,是被动的。这儿硬币是被数,故用counted
【小题5】mentally
?考查副词修饰形容词。句意:有时候这份工作让我精神上很疲劳。Mental为形容词,不能修饰形容词tired,要用副词mentally修饰,故用mentally。
【小题6】visiting
?考查非谓语的ing 形式作状语。句意:有一次,在去看望父母的时候,我发现我父母卧室里的泡菜坛子不见了。while ___6___ (visit) my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar in my parents’ bedroom was gone.本句是一个省略句。Visit的逻辑主语是I,I与visit的关系是主动关系,在非谓语中动词ing形式表主动的,故要选visiting。
【小题7】it
?考查代词。句意:我父亲认为接受良好的高等教育对我很重要。本句中it作think的形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的动词不定式to receive a good high education.。故要用it。
【小题8】(should) try
?考查虚拟语气。句意:他要求我尽力进入一所好大学。在英语中demand,表示要求时,所跟的宾语从句要用should +动词原形,should 可以省略。因为前面的动词为demand,所以后面的宾语从句用(should) try,should 可以省略。
在表示“坚持”、“命令”、“建议”、“要求”等后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。这类动词可归纳为“一个坚持(insist)、两个命令(order, command)、三个建议(advise, suggest, propose)、四个要求(demand, require, request, ask)”?这类虚拟语气由“should+动词原形”构成。其中的should在美国英语中通常可以省略。如?
He insisted that I (should) go with them. 他坚持要我同他们一起去。
He ordered that it (should) be sent back. 他命令把它送回去。
The doctor advised [suggested] that he (should) not smoke. 医生建议他不要抽烟。
He requires that I (should) appear. 他要求我出场。
【小题9】appointment
?考查名词。句意:我们约好了去看望父母,可以和他们一起度假。根据所填的词所在的位置要用名词,而appoint是动词,故用其名词形式appointment.
【小题10】covered
?考查固定搭配。句意:令我惊讶的是,那儿有一个古老的泡菜罐子,底部已经被硬币覆盖着。be covered with…为固定搭配,“被….覆盖”。因此要用covered.

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
?除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
On November 12, 2017, the student in our class paid visit to China Science and Technology Museum.
At 8: 00, we left to China Science and Technology Museum by bus. At 8:30, a guide introduced it to us briefly and told us that what we should pay attention to during we visit. Ten minutes late, we began our visit. Some students took notes carefully as they visited. All the students were amazing at the rapidly achievements in science and technology. Three hours has gone by before we knew it. At 11: 30, we returned to our school.
This visit no only broadened my outlook but also aroused my interest in science and technology.

【答案】2017年,高二英语,下期月考测验
【解析】1.student改为students
考查名词的数。句意:2017年11月12日,我们班的学生参观了中国科技馆。分析句子可知是许多学生,故用复数,所以student改为students.
2.在paid后添加a?
考查固定搭配。Pay a visit to,为固定搭配,译为’ “参观”,本句中缺少a,故要添加a。
3.把to改为for
考查固定搭配。句意:8:00我们坐巴士去中国科技馆的。 leave for,为固定搭配“动身去某地”,因此把to 改为for。
4.把that删除.
考查宾语从句的引导词。told us that what we should pay attention to during we visit.本句中tell的宾语从句中有两个引导词,that和what.分析从句意思可知,pay attention to后缺少宾语,在名词从句中缺少宾语,要用what 引导,而that在从句不缺少成分时才用,that 在句子中多余。故把that删除。
5.we改为our?
考查形容词物主代词。句意:8点30分,一位导游简要向我们作了介绍,告诉我们在参观期间要注意什么。分析句可知,we在此是修饰名词visit,故要用our,而不能用we。因为we是主格,作主语的。
6.late改为later
考查副词。句意:十分钟后,我们开始了我们的参观。Late晚,迟到。Later以后,过后。分析句意可知,是10分钟后,故把late改为later.
7.amazing改为amazed?
考查形容词。句意:所有的学生都对科学技术的飞速发展感到惊奇。Amazing,为“令人惊奇的”一般修饰物的,而amazed “感到惊奇的”,一般修饰人的,而本句的主语是人,因此把amazing改为amazed。
8.把rapidly改为rapid。
考查副词作定语修饰名词。Rapidly在此修饰名词achievements,副词不能 修饰名词,要用形容词修饰名词,故把rapidly改为rapid
9.把has改为had?
考查过去完成时。句意:不知不觉三个小时就过去了。本句中knew是个过去的动作,而三小时是在我们知道之前,是过去的过去,故要用过去完成时,因此把has改为had
10.把no改为not.
考查固定搭配。句意:这次访问不仅开阔了我的视野,也引起了我对科学技术的兴趣。Not only…but also… 为固定搭配,“不但……而且……”,因此要把no改为not.。

假如你是高二学生李华,下面这幅图是你在网上看到的图片。图片内容是两位志愿者维护交通秩序的画面。你有所感触,打算针对此事给《二十一世纪英文报》编辑投稿。
2017年,高二英语,下期月考测验
要点如下:
1. 描述图片内容;
2. 你的感想。
注意:1. 同数:100左右,开头和结尾已为你写好,不计人总词数;
2. 适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3. 参考同汇:交通礼仪traffic etiquette。
Dear Editor,
This is a picture of a busy road.
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Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

【答案】Dear Editor,
This is a picture of a busy road. The cyclists and the vehicles are waiting for the traffic lights to turn green. From the picture we can see each of the two women volunteers is holding a red flag to make a stop sign.
At some crossings of busy streets and roads in a city or a big town, we often see volunteers helping keep traffic order and maintain traffic safety. In addition, they also promote traffic etiquette. Due to their devotion, people’s awareness of traffic safety and obeying traffic laws can be improved. Their good deeds should be sung high praise for.
From my point of view, as civilized citizens we should obey traffic rules consciously and become polite drivers or cyclists. Thus we can help improve traffic conditions and reduce traffic accidents to some degree.
Yours sincerely,?
Li Hua
【解析】本文属于图画作文。图画作文的写作要领:1、根据提示,准确审题。要注意文体,人物和时态。2、认真读图,把握情境,进行图文转换。这是关键。要根据图画中的人物及背景,确定人物之间,人物与背景之间的关系。从整体上把握所呈现的主要内容,围绕特定的主题合理想象。然后将图画所传达的信息以文字的形式呈现出来,并对转换后的内容重新组合,确定主要内容。 3、发表感想。围绕主题展开合理的想象,发表自己的联想或感想。4、确定段落,拟好提纲,斟酌词句,组句成文。
亮点分析:本文结构完整,内容齐全。所用句子多为单句,结构简单。在文中运用了大量的现在进行时,使描述更加生动。文中主动语态和被动语态交互使用,使文章生动活泼。同时还运用了宾语从句:From the picture we can see each of the two women volunteers is holding a red flag to make a stop sign和非谓语做主语:obeying traffic laws can be improved。在文章中大量使用短语,如keep traffic order and maintain traffic safety, promote traffic etiquette,due to their devotion,sing high praise for,improve traffic conditions and reduce traffic accidents, to some degree等增加了文章的可读性。而连词的使用,如In addition, thus让文章语句连贯,有条理。

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